Pioneering Saint Phalle

Niki de Saint Phalle (1930-2002) was a French-American artist best remembered for her sculptures and conceptual art, although she also produced paintings, films, writings and other designs.

Phenomenally creative, her work is now on display all over the world. In Paris, the Stravinsky Fountain (which she designed in 1983 with long-term partner and collaborator, Jean Tinguely) has become a tourist attraction in its own right.

Born in France and brought up in the US, despite her wealthy, aristocratic background (her father was Count André-Marie Fal de Saint Phalle) she endured a traumatic childhood. Beaten and punished by her strict Catholic mother, repeatedly abused by her father, she was expelled from numerous schools.

She did, however, visit family in France often, so was a ...

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