top cx logo
cx logo
Explorearrow down
search icon
arrow down

Second-home owners: How long until French property can be main home?

Depending on whether you are moving from outside France or within, your main residence will be such once you have established yourself there with the intention to stay

We answer a reader's question on the how someone with a second home in France, such as in Provencal city Saintes-Maries-de-la-Mer pictured, can take steps to make it their principle residence Pic: kavram / Shutterstock

Reader question: If I move into my French second home and make it my main residence, how long would it take before it would be considered as such by the tax authorities, for example for purposes of exemption from capital gains tax?

There is no set time period. Assuming you are referring to moving over from outside France, then it will be your main residence once you have established yourself there with the intention to stay. The official tax bulletin states that, for capital gains tax, it should be your “habitual and effective” main residence “for most of the year”. This applies to people who are moving from another home in France but the principle is the same.

One way in which you can establish the move would include writing to the local tax office to tell them it is now your main home, so it should be registered as such for calculation of (or exemption from) taxe d’habitation.

Otherwise, post-Brexit, if you are moving to France from the UK or another non-EU country, your move will in any case be formalised by a long-stay visa, and once in France, a carte de séjour. You would have to specify on applying for the visa that you are moving to France to make it your home.

In due course, you should also be sure to make your annual French tax declaration in the spring for any time living in France as a resident in the previous year (if coming from the UK you should also submit HMRC’s double taxation document ‘form France-Individual’) to confirm you are tax-resident.

Related stories

Second-home owners: Can we apply for a long-stay visa while in France?

Resident or second-home owner in France?
Benefit from our daily digest of headlines and how-to's to help you make the most of life in France
By joining the newsletter, you agree to our Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy
See more popular articles
The Connexion Help Guides
featured helpguide
Healthcare in France*
Featured Help Guide
- Understand the French healthcare system, how you access it and how you are reimbursed - Useful if you are new to the French healthcare system or want a more in-depth understanding - Reader question and answer section Aimed at non-French nationals living here, the guide gives an overview of what you are (and are not) covered for. There is also information for second-home owners and regular visitors.
Get news, views and information from France
You have 2 free subscriber articles left
Subscribe now to read unlimited articles and exclusive content
Already a subscriber? Log in now