Oh la vache ! 17 French animal expressions to try
In celebration of World Animal Day (October 4), a global movement to improve animal welfare standards, here are some of our favourite French idioms featuring animals
From cats to pigs and even cockroaches, there are many expressions linked to animals in French. Have you ever come across any of these?
1. Quand les poules auront des dents
Literally, this means when chickens have teeth – an interesting visual if ever there was one!
Entering the French vocabulary around the 18th century, this is a figure of speech for something that is impossible, as chickens will never have teeth.
It is the equivalent of 'when pigs fly' in English.
2. Avoir d’autres chats à fouetter
If you have 'other cats to whip' in French, it means you have more important things to worry about.
In the 17th century, people used to say ‘il n’y a pas de quoi fouetter un chat’ (it's not worth whipping a cat about) when something was not important or not worth worrying about.
So, to have 'other cats to whip' means other matters are more pressing right now.
3. Donner sa langue au chat
You might say you're 'giving your tongue to the cat' when you cannot guess the answer to a question.
The real expression used to be ‘jeter sa langue au chien’ (to throw one’s tongue to the dog). But it changed to ‘donner sa langue au chat’ in the 19th century as cats became more popular. At the time, cats were seen as secret keepers who could perhaps give you the answer you were looking for.
4. Avoir le cafard
It is said that Charles Baudelaire introduced this expression, 'to have the cockroach,' in a poem in Les Fleurs du Mal in 1857. It has stayed in French vocabulary ever since and is used to describe a moment of sadness.
5. Poser un lapin
The origin of the expression 'to put a rabbit' is unknown - but some believe it dates back centuries, to a time when rabbits were associated with fertility.
In the 19th century, it meant not paying for a prostitute’s service. Nowadays, it has evolved to refer to when you stand someone up or are stood up yourself.
6. Être un chaud lapin
If a man is called un ‘chaud lapin’ (a.k.a a hot rabbit) he probably sleeps around. The expression comes from the fact that rabbits are sexually voracious.
7. Passer du coq à l’âne
This is generally used when someone speaks about something and suddenly changes the subject – they go 'from the cock to the donkey'.
8. Revenir à nos moutons
The opposite of number seven, this phrase is used when you want to return to a topic you were previously discussing with someone.
It comes originally from a 15th-century comedy play, la Farce du Maître Pathelin, in which a man comes before a judge with two complaints, one about someone conning him out of some sheets and one about someone else stealing sheep.
He gets mixed up in his explanation between the sheets and sheep, and the judge, irritated, tells him "revenons à nos moutons" (let's get back to our sheep).
9. Être une poule mouillée
Referring to someone as a 'wet chicken' means they are always scared and lacking in courage. It refers to the fact that chickens do not move and hide when it rains.
10. Il pleut comme vache qui pisse
It is tipping it down with rain, with a volume and ferocity comparable to when a cow does its business.
11. Être une langue de vipère
To be a viper's tongue means a person is malicious and likes to gossip.
12. Être muet comme une carpe
To be 'mute like a carp' means someone is silent. It refers to the idea that carps often lift their heads out of the water with their mouths open.
13. Être myope comme une taupe
Being as 'short-sighted as a mole' means you cannot see anything, as moles are of course well known for their poor eyesight.
14. On n’a pas élevé les cochons ensemble
The expression means that you do not consider yourself close to another person. Raising pigs is considered a hard job and sharing this work with someone else would make you good friends.
15. S’entendre comme cochons
Related to the above expression, to 'get on well like pigs' means you are good friends with someone.
Some people might also say ‘copains comme cochons’ (friends like pigs).
The expression used to be ‘camarades comme cochons’, and cochon was a derivation of the Latin word ‘socius’ which meant ‘compagnon’ (partner).
16. S’ennuyer comme un rat mort
It means that you are so bored you feel like a dead rat forgotten in a dark cellar. Lockdown anyone?
17. Oh la vache!
This is a very useful phrase that can be used in place of 'Oh my god!' in English.
The expression apparently dates back to the 17th century when farmers would bring their cows into town to show off how fresh their milk was. Customers would exclaim 'la vache!' in surprise and admiration.
Though cows in city centres are a rare sighting these days, the phrase is one of the most commonly used on this list.
Useful resources for pet owners in France
Do you own a pet in France? Find out more about French rules and regulations around pets for residents, as well as what to do when bringing pets over in our articles below. If you have suggestions for other articles on pets in France, please let us know is firstname.lastname@example.org.