President Macron to visit London in memory of wartime ‘call’
President Emmanuel Macron is to visit London tomorrow (June 18) for the 80th anniversary of General de Gaulle’s 1940 “call”, as controversy surrounds Marine Le Pen’s attendance at a similar ceremony in France.
Mr Macron is set to attend a ceremony in London, UK, tomorrow to mark the 80th anniversary of the “appeal” or call for wartime help by then little-known French general and government minister, General Charles de Gaulle.
Mr Macron will be welcomed by Prince Charles at Clarence House, and his wife, Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.
On Thursday 18th June, The Prince of Wales and The Duchess of Cornwall will formally receive The President of the French Republic at Clarence House to celebrate the 80th anniversary of General de Gaulle’s ‘Appel’ in 1940.— Clarence House (@ClarenceHouse) June 12, 2020
Given the nature of the visit, the President and his team will not be subject to the two-week quarantine currently in place for arrivals to the UK, according to the exemptions given by the British government, a Downing Street spokesperson said.
The ceremony will remember the message broadcast on the BBC on June 18, 1940, by General de Gaulle, the day after his arrival in London. It is now known as the “Appel du 18 juin” (“Appeal” or “Call” of June 18).
The message called on French soldiers, engineers and workers to join him in the fight against Nazi Germany, despite the then-Marshall Philippe Pétain government of France having announced an "armistice" the day before.
General de Gaulle’s message included the words: “Quoi qu’il arrive, la flamme de la résistance française ne doit pas s’éteindre et ne s’éteindra pas (Whatever happens, the fire of the French resistance must not go out, and will not go out)”.
(Photo: Revue des 2 Mondes / Twitter)
Mr Macron will also award the city of London the Légion d’Honneur - France’s highest honour. It will become the seventh city to be given the award in recognition of its contribution in World War Two; after Algeria, Belgrade, Brazzaville, Liège, Luxembourg and Volgograd.
The President will travel to London after having attended a traditional ceremony in honour of the same event, at the Mont-Valérien memorial in Paris.
It will be the first foreign trip for Mr Macron since he visited Naples in Italy for a Franco-Italian summit on February 27.
The ceremony in London will be the second event for Mr Macron in honour of the “Year of de Gaulle”, after he attended the May 17 celebration of the 80th anniversary of the Battle of Moncornet in Aisne (Hauts-de-France) - shown in the video below - during which he remembered the “French resistance spirit” and the Battle of France.
On the same day, Mr Macron also visited Colombey-les-deux-Églises (Haute-Marne, Grand Est), where General de Gaulle is buried.
EN DIRECT | Cérémonie de commémoration des combats de Montcornet et de la Bataille de France. https://t.co/PuAZ0LOsFW— Élysée (@Elysee) May 17, 2020
Le Pen Controversy
The Ile de Sein, off the Finistère coast in Brittany, has become a symbol of resistance associated with General de Gaulle’s June 18 “call”, after more than 120 resistance fighters responded to his message.
The island is set to hold its own ceremonies of remembrance tomorrow.
But controversy has erupted after Marine Le Pen, leader of the far-right party Le Rassemblement National, announced that she planned to attend the ceremony on the island.
Mayor Didier Fouquet has said that Ms Le Pen’s presence would be neither welcome nor appropriate, and that she would be “stealing our event from us a little”.
There will now be two ceremonies. The main one will be held on the nearby Crozon peninsula, and another - much smaller, restricted one - on the Ile de Sein at 9h.
Organisers of the latter moved its planned time ahead by one hour, in a bid to stop Ms Le Pen from attending.
Some island inhabitants are also unhappy with Ms Le Pen’s planned visit, and have suggested the idea of holding a “dead island day” event to show their displeasure. A protest against Ms Le Pen’s presence is expected to take place on the Audierne landing grounds.
Despite the controversy, Ms Le Pen has said she has no plans to cancel her visit.
She has called the actions of the mayor and the island “anti-republican”, and said: “We are shocked by the sectarianism from people who talk about tolerance and the republic. We are not stopping anyone from commemorating anything.”
The Ile de Sein
Residents from the Ile de Sein were the first to respond to General de Gaulle’s call for fighters against Nazi Germany, with 124 people crossing the Channel in their own boats, to present themselves for duty.
Along with the Free French Forces and the government-in-exile led by de Gaulle, they continued to fight against the Axis powers after the fall of France, and helped to organise and support the Resistance in occupied France.
At the end of August 1946, General de Gaulle visited the Ile de Sein to award its inhabitants the Croix de la Libération (“Cross of Liberation”) medal. The island would also later receive the Médaille de la Résistance (the “Resistance Medal”) and La Croix de Guerre 39-45 (“The War Cross 39-45”).
Church bells to ring around world to mark D-Day
Paris streets stuck in confinement... and in 1942
The Frenchwoman behind the Remembrance Day poppy
Frenchman honouring lost heroes of World War Two
Horrors of France’s concentration camp
Wartime lovers who met before D-Day reunited in France
Village fighters captured 1,000 Nazi soldiers
Sign up to our free weekly e-newsletter
Subscribe to access all our online articles and receive our printed monthly newspaper The Connexion at your home. News analysis, features and practical help for English-speakers in France