top cx logo
cx logo
Explorearrow down
search icon
arrow down

What numbers should I dial in an emergency in France?

There are various emergency numbers in France, but if in doubt you can call the general EU emergency number, which will redirect your call

112 is the European Union-wide emergency services number Pic: Shutterstock / Gaelfphoto

When an emergency hits it is important to get hold of the services you need as soon as possible. 

There are several emergency numbers in France to help direct you towards the service you need as quickly as possible, but if in doubt you should call 112 (see more below).

Note however that ‘emergency’ numbers should only ever be used in real emergencies and there are serious penalties for abusing them. 

To help you out if you ever find yourself in such a situation, here are the numbers to call in France.


  • 112 is the European Union-wide emergency services number

  • This means you can call it from any EU country to get hold of an ambulance, the fire department or the police

  • It works from all mobiles


  • Samu 

  • The number to call if you, or another person, need urgent medical help due to eg. a coma, haemorrhaging, breathing difficulties or chest pain

  • This service can also redirect you to round-the-clock healthcare from services such as an ambulance or a general practitioner


  • Police and gendarmerie 

  • The number to call if you need to contact the police immediately for example due to violence, burglary, or a mugging


  • Sapeurs-pompiers: France’s fire and rescue department which also acts as a paramedic service

  • The number to call if you, a building or others are in danger, eg. a fire, gas leak or in the case of a serious road accident


  • If you are hard of hearing or think you might have problems talking, you can text this number to contact the emergency services

  • You can also use this service via a 114 phone app. It will give you the option of a video call using French sign language or a message-based service.


  • Coastguard

  • The number to call for any incidents you are involved in or witness at sea

  • This is also the number to call if you are worried about or have not heard from someone at sea or if you see something at sea that seems unusual


  • Air rescue

  • The number to call for any incidents in the air that you are involved in or witness

  • This is also the number to call if you are worried about or have not heard from an aircraft and its occupants

39 19

  • Domestic abuse hotline – provides a listening ear and information

  • Accessible 24/7 

116 000

  • To report missing children


  • Children in danger

  • This number is to report that you think a child might be in danger, for example from domestic abuse, or for children, teenagers and young people up to age 21 to use if they want to report a worrying situation at home, at school, among their friendship group etc.

  • You can call 24/7 free of charge, from any phone and this will not show up on the phone bill

  • You can also contact the 119 services by chat at It is available 7/7 Monday to Friday from 15:00 to 21:00 and on weekends from 15:00 to 19:00.


  • Social Samu – to help the homeless


  • Terrorist attacks or a kidnapping attempt

39 77

  • Abuse of elderly or disabled people

116 117

  • Round-the-clock healthcare

  • The number to call to access an on-call doctor outside usual surgery hours

Related Articles

Emergency numbers in France and other helpful numbers

Resident or second-home owner in France?
Benefit from our daily digest of headlines and how-to's to help you make the most of life in France
By joining the newsletter, you agree to our Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy
See more popular articles
The Connexion Help Guides
featured helpguide
Income Tax in France 2023 (for 2022 income)*
Featured Help Guide
- Primarily aimed at Britons, covers pensions, rent, ISAs, shares, savings and interest - but also contains significant general information pertinent to readers of other nationalities - Overview of online declarations + step-by-step guide to the French printed forms - Includes updates given automatically after this year's site opened
Get news, views and information from France