What caused this weekend’s six-hour Calais ferry queues?

Waiting times are back to normal after British passengers returning home from summer holidays on Saturday and Sunday were affected by long delays

An image of cars queueing for passport control at Calais
British ferry passengers were caught in queues of up to six hours for passport control at Calais over the weekend. Photo for illustration only
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Ferry operators have apologised for the up to six-hour queues that British people returning from summer holidays experienced at Calais over the weekend.

Traffic conditions were back to normal earlier this morning (September 5), with DFDS stating that the waiting time was 30 minutes. This has since risen to 45 minutes, but all services appear to be running on time at this stage.

DFDS has nonetheless encouraged passengers to “allow plenty of time to complete the check in process”.

The weekend’s delays began on Saturday night (September 3), coming as a result of post-Brexit border controls according to ferry operators, who warned of continued disruption on Sunday.

On Saturday, P&O Ferries tweeted: “We apologise for the wait times this evening in Calais. This is due to queues at border control.

“We have put on an additional sailing to accommodate all those that have been stuck in queues.”

On Sunday morning, the firm recommended that passengers leave “as much time as possible” – at least two hours – to get through passport checks. On Saturday night, this wait had been estimated at three hours, but several passengers stated that they had been in queues for five or six hours.

DFDS also warned of waiting times of five hours.

One passenger told the BBC that the queues had “little to do with the amount of people but with the poor layout and no traffic control.”

A spokesperson for the Port of Calais said: “Calais was affected by ‘the perfect storm’ of summer volumes in combination with post-Brexit border checks, causing six hours of queuing.

“We worked together with partners to reduce the queues as quickly as we could.”

More British Border Force officials were brought to Calais as reinforcements on Saturday evening to help tackle the queues, which had formed because there were not enough booths in operation to cope with passenger numbers.

In July ferry passengers heading for France had to wait up to six hours for passport control at Dover, with the UK government accusing French border control of a lack of preparedness, while French minister Clément Beaune said that “France is not responsible for Brexit”.

Read more: French minister’s reaction to Dover: Don’t blame us for Brexit

Read more: Port of Dover queues: A one-off or a long-term problem?

Why were British passengers caught in queues?

Since the UK left the EU, British citizens have been subject to more detailed passport checks when travelling into and out of the bloc, meaning that border control officers take around half a minute longer to examine each document.

Read more: Explainer: How has Brexit changed UK passport checks at EU borders?

Before the UK left the EU, British citizens had an automatic right to move freely within the bloc.

The UK was not in the Schengen zone, so there were still border checks, but they were minimal.

Therefore, they would often be waved through passport control at Dover after officers looked quickly at their passports.

Now, French border control staff are responsible for carrying out several different checks on passports, including making sure that the person’s identity corresponds with their details, and that they have not been in the EU for more than 90 days in the past 180 – unless they have a visa or residence permit.

Border control officers may not always carry out all of these checks, but the process will nonetheless last longer.

When there are tens of thousands of people passing through the port each day, this can create congestion.

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