Prime Minister Élisabeth Borne and her government have survived two no-confidence votes in the French parliament.
They were triggered after she pushed through controversial pension reform plans -- which include raising the minimum pension age from 62 to 64 -- without a vote.
The first no-confidence vote on Monday (March 20) was initiated by LIOT, a group of 20 left- and right-wing MPs, and had support from several different parliamentary parties. But it failed to get the necessary support, falling 9 short of the 287-vote majority needed.
The second no-confidence vote failed by a far greater margin. The far-right Rassemblement National had brought it before MPs but it only gathered 94 of the 287 votes needed.
The pension reforms now have to go to France's Constitutional Court before they can be adopted into law.
Il est presque 19 heures. Il y a quelques minutes, l'Assemblée nationale a rejeté par 278 voix favorables exprimées par les députés, sur les 287 nécessaires la motion de censure déposée par le groupe LIOT. La place de la Concorde est calme. #9voix pic.twitter.com/pQNugZP40D— Pierre Bouvier (@pibzedog) March 20, 2023
The votes came after Ms Borne's use of the 49:3 article, which caused a considerable backlash.
The decision also sparked protests across France at the weekend (March 18-19) with some protestors clashing with police.
If the no-confidence motions had succeeded, Emmanuel Macron would not have been at risk of losing his job as president. But the positions of Ms Borne and the government would have been in peril.
Mr Macron could have either named a new government or dissolved parliament and called new elections. The pension reform bill would also have been nullified.