Each of this year’s 12 French presidential election candidates is required to declare their assets and interests - and the figures must then be published.
The declarations are one of the conditions, as well as the gathering of more than 500 signatures of support from officials, for running for office.
Here are the figures for each of the final candidates (in order of wealth) as published by the public life transparency office, la Haute autorité pour la transparence de la vie publique (HATVP).
Read more: 'When I am president': The key policies of final 12 French candidates
Valérie Pécresse, right-wing: €9.7million
The president of Ile-de-France owns three homes with a value of €4.1m, including one in Yvelines and one in Loire-Atlantique, and art worth €60,000.
Together with her husband, who is a manager at General Electric, she has almost €6.5m in life insurance, retirement plans, stock options, saving accounts and current accounts.
Debts of around €1m, due to a mortgage of €811,049, and a debt to the state of €173,749. The latter was paid off “at the end of 2021”, her team told AFP.
Eric Zemmour, far-right: €4.2million
The far-right former journalist is the owner or co-owner of five apartments in Paris, worth €176,400 to €1.8m.
Owns 90% of the capital of publishing company Rubempré, to a value of €1.5m.
Majority of income comes from publishing and his TV appearances.
Debts of €633,000 on four mortgages.
Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, far-right: €2million
The Debout la France candidate owns several properties, including a 105m2 flat in Paris valued at €1.4m.
Most of his income comes from his political activity.
Jean-Luc Mélenchon, far-left: €1.4million
The LFI candidate's assets mainly comprise a flat in Paris valued at €1.2 and a house in Loiret worth €170,000.
€95,000 in various bank accounts.
Debts of €100,000 on a property loan.
Marine Le Pen, far-right: €1.2million
The far-right politician has real estate worth €1.29m, including a house in Hauts-de-Seine, one in Morbihan and another in Yvelines.
Three loans, including one for her political campaign, from Hungarian bank MKB, worth €10,691,775.
Jean Lassalle, anti-establishment: €630,000
The president of the Résistons! movement and former shepherd owns land in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques worth €120,000.
Also owns three houses and a flat, for a total of €680,000.
Anne Hidalgo, left-wing: €575,000
The mayor of Paris and PS candidate owns, with her husband, a house in Paris of 118m2 valued at nearly €1.4m, of which €400,000 remains to be paid back.
About €100,000 in various bank accounts.
Emmanuel Macron, centre: €550,000
The president-candidate declared, as in 2017, assets mainly made up of bank accounts and financial products: a Livret de développement durable savings account with €120,000 and a Livret A with €22,000 euros.
Life insurance policy with a surrender value of €113,000.
Debts of about €122,500 on a loan for work taken out in 2011.
President Macron submitted a declaration of assets at the end of his term of office at the end of 2021, and the HATVP judged the changes in his assets, since his entry into the Elysée Palace in 2017, as "not abnormal".
He received €900,000 in net taxable income between the beginning of his term at the Elysée and December 31, 2021.
Yannick Jadot, left-wing: €412,000
The main assets of the EELV candidate are a life insurance policy worth €67,000.
€90,000 spread over five bank accounts.
An electric scooter worth €4,000.
His mandate as an MEP provides him with an income of €108,900 per year.
Fabien Roussel, communist: €220,000
The communist candidate owns two houses in his department of Nord in France, one for €180,000 euros, the other, 60% owned, for €120,000.
Mortgage, of which €92,770 remains to be repaid, and a zero-interest loan, of which there are €6,130 euros remaining.
One of his current accounts was in the red at the time of his declaration, at €-219.
Nathalie Arthaud, Trotskyist: €219,000
The Lutte Ouvrière candidate is co-owner of a 48m2 flat in Pantin (Seine-Saint-Denis), with her share valued at €177,600.
Savings of less than €40,000.
Philippe Poutou, anti-capitalist: €122,000
The “workers” candidate has been unemployed since his dismissal from the Ford factory in Blanquefort (Gironde) in September 2021.
Receives allowances as a municipal and metropolitan councillor in Bordeaux.
No real estate assets, but nearly €100,000 spread over four bank accounts.
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