top cx logo
cx logo
Explorearrow down
search icon

No confidence motions in government not passed by French Parliament

Some 239 MPs voted for the motion tabled by the left-wing Nupes alliance, but 289 were needed to force the government to resign

Three no confidence motions in the government put forward by opposition parties have been rejected by the Assemblée nationale Pic: StudioPhotoLoren / Shutterstock

The no confidence motions put forward against the government in France’s Assemblée nationale last week have not been passed by MPs, meaning that the prime minister and government are not obliged to resign. 

One motion was tabled by the left-wing Nupes coalition, and another by the far-right Rassemblement National party, after the government chose to push its 2023 budget bill through Parliament without a vote by making use of article 49.3 of the Constitution.

Read more: No confidence motion after French government forces through new budget

Article 49.3 allows the French prime minister, following discussions with cabinet (Conseil des ministres) to unilaterally pass any bill concerning financial or social security issues.

Read more: Explainer: what is France’s article 49.3 and why is it in the news?

However, it is sometimes described as a ‘nuclear option’ because it can lead to a motion de censure (vote of no confidence) in the government if 58 MPs – 10% of the house – express their support for this measure.

Nupes’ no confidence motion received 239 votes in favour yesterday (October 24), while that of Rassemblement National secured 90, meaning that both fell short of the 289 votes needed for the motion to be passed. 

Both the left and right-wing parties had previously said that they would not vote for each other’s motions, but at the last minute, Rassemblement National announced it would support its rival. 

However, Les Républicains did not back the no confidence vote, so preventing Nupes from gaining support from a majority of MPs.

A third no confidence motion, which was put forward by Nupes with regards to the government’s loi de finances de la sécurité sociale, was also rejected yesterday evening, having gained 150 votes from left-wing MPs.

Prime Minister Élisabeth Borne criticised the “unnatural alliance” of the left and right, and some MPs began using the hashtag #RNUPES, combining Rassemblement National’s ‘RN’ abbreviation with that of Nupes.

Eric Coquerel of La France Insoumise, which forms part of Nupes, said: “I don’t mind if the RN votes for our motion. A motion isn’t just there to look pretty” but to bring an end to the government.

Raquel Guarrido, also from La France Insoumise, commented: “I am happy that the RN was obliged to recognise Nupes’ leadership in this institutional moment where Parliament stood up to the abuse of power [carried out through] article 49.3. Les Républicains should do the same.” 

Green MP Cyrielle Chatelain justified Nupes’ recourse to the no confidence motion by describing an “Assemblée gagged” by the use of article 49.3, which she said was “a weapon for the weak”. 

Related articles 

French cabinet approves right to use 49.3 rule to ease budget deadlock

Article 49.3: French government prepares to push budget through today

Resident or second-home owner in France?
Benefit from our daily digest of headlines and how-to's to help you make the most of life in France
By joining the newsletter, you agree to our Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy
See more popular articles
The Connexion Help Guides
featured helpguide
Visa and residency cards for France*
Featured Help Guide
- Visas and residency cards (cartes de séjour) for France help guide - Understand when visas and residency cards are required to move to France or come for an extended stay - Applies to Britons (post-Brexit) and to all other non-EU/non-EEA/Swiss nationalities - Useful to anyone considering a move to France, whether for work or otherwise, or wanting to spend more than three months at their French second home
Get news, views and information from France