Around 2.5 million properties in France are heated through what is called a ‘district heating network’ (réseau de chaleur), which is considered to be a more environmentally friendly method than individual household heating systems.
The system consists of energy being generated at a local station which is then transferred to a series of interconnected buildings through a system of pipes.
Typically, the heat is generated through means considered more environmentally friendly than traditional fossil fuels, for example biomass burning or waste incineration.
In simple terms, it is like having one eco-friendly boiler that serves hundreds or even thousands of households, rather than each individual house having their own boiler.
More and more cities in France are establishing district heating networks, such as Nantes, Clermont-Ferrand, Brest and Dijon. The networks are mainly found in France’s larger urban areas.
How do I know if I can connect my house to a heating network?
The government has set up the webpage France Chaleur Urbaine that allows you to see if you can connect your home to a nearby district heating network.
You can type your address into the search bar at this link, and it will inform you if there is a nearby network you can connect your house or apartment block to.
If there is, you can fill out a form providing your details and you will be put in contact with the authority managing your local network.
If there is not a nearby network to which you can connect your home, you can signal your wish to be connected to one and your request will be transferred to your local mairie and authority in charge of the network.
What are the advantages / disadvantages?
It is an eco-friendly source of heating: France reduced its CO2 output by 5.6 million tonnes in 2020 thanks to the network
Any price fluctuations will be minimal, and will likely not be affected by global affairs (as the power is produced locally)
There is a VAT rate of 5.5% on the energy
No need to carry out repairs on your boiler because you will not have one
If the pipes carrying the energy to your home are damaged then you could lose heating
The networks are currently only available in urban areas where buildings are close together. They are not yet viable in more sparsely populated areas