Article published march 24, 2023
Reader question: I do not have a numéro fiscal but I need to log into the French tax site to make the new obligatory property declaration. How can I do this?
Here we explain a key element needed to have a personal space on the main official tax website impots.gouv.fr. The site is used to make income declarations, declare (or confirm) property you own, check instalments you are paying in relation to French at-source tax or, for example, consult income or property tax bills from previous years.
To log on, you do need to be registered with the tax office with a numéro fiscal (tax number) plus some other elements that depend on your situation.
Classically, you use the site in the second year of income declaration (after declaring on paper in the first year) using elements from your first tax avis d’impôt income tax statement and the prefilled paper declaration form that will be sent to you, including revenu fiscal de référence and numéro d’accès en ligne. Other steps are provided via the site (by clicking on the Particulier button at the top) if this does not apply.
In all cases, once you have logged on for the first time, you are also invited to create a password and will use that with your numéro fiscal to log in in future.
If you think you do not have a numéro fiscal, first double check this is correct as everyone who pays income or property tax in France will have one.
You can find your numéro fiscal tax number at the top of your main tax documents that you receive, including the assessment notices for your local property taxes and, if relevant, income taxes.
Even if you are not a resident in France, if you pay taxe d’habitation tax (paid by whoever has use of a home) or the taxe foncière property owners’ tax, you will have a tax number.
So first double check any property tax documents for this number.
If you have lost your numéro fiscal, it is possible to have it emailed to you if you have logged into a personal space on the tax website in the past: go to the votre espace particulier section of the French tax website, and then click on Où trouver votre numéro fiscal then recevoir votre numéro fiscal par courriel.
There are rare circumstances where you will not have a numéro fiscal but still need to use the French tax site.
If it is your first year paying taxes in France, notably, as mentioned, you can send paper forms off by post to declare your tax, and you do not need to use the website.
Your tax returns will include a new numéro fiscal for you, and after this, you should declare online unless there is some reason why you cannot (eg. no internet access).
If, however, you still need your numéro fiscal to access the tax site and none of these steps apply, then if you are a resident in France, you can contact your local tax office to ask for one, if you are able to prove information such as your full legal name and address, and provide ID.
After this, they will give you a tax number and an email allowing you to connect to the site for the first time with the number and your date of birth.
If you are not a resident and do not have a tax number it is not possible to have one until you have made a first income declaration, or paid property tax, unless for some reason you have French-based income that is subject to French tax-at-source, in which case it is possible to apply for an account using this link.
The same link can be used by non-residents to open an account if they already have a tax number, due to for example, paying local property tax.