By mid-March the hedgerows will be full of nesting birds, hedgehogs and other wildlife so an annual plea has been issued by the French office of biodiversity and the league for the protection of birds to do any hedge trimming now.
Whilst a national ban only concerns agricultural professionals and farmers who are not authorised to prune their hedges from April 1 to July 31, private individuals are also asked to do their bit for nature.
“There is nothing illegal about it. It’s just that spring is the time of nesting and the time when nature does its thing so we advise everyone to get their hedge cutting done before mid-March and try to disturb the hedgerows as little as possible,” said an official from the bird protection association the Ligue pour la Protection des Oiseaux.
Whilst you can legally prune hedges throughout the year it is considered helpful not to do so from mid-March until the end of July - the bird nesting period. Hedges fulfil many roles. They provide resources (wood or food), protect from wind, sun and bad weather and even limit soil erosion. They also play host to a panoply of wildlife.
Hedge trimming season: what the law says
One often reads that the ban on hedge trimming applies to private individuals but this is not in fact the case. There is, however, a strict law on what farmers can and cannot do under the code of good agricultural practice (the BCAE - bonnes conditions agricoles et environnementales).
The law specifies that farmers cannot prune their hedges from April 1 to July 31 in order not to disturb the birds nesting during the breeding season, under penalty of a fine and withholding of subsidies.
They risk up to three years in prison and €150,000 in fines if they continue to prune their hedges.
Regulations also exist for the maintenance of hedges between neighbours, notably concerning height, distance and responsibility for pruning - but this is not related to wildlife.
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A measure to protect breeding bird populations
Most birds nest from March to August. Hedges provide a perfect and comfortable habitat. By not trimming your hedges between March 15 and July 31, you can help to preserve the birds' reproduction. It is an ecological gesture towards the robin, the blackbird and the tree chaffinch.
La haie— Marilyne Chenuet (@MarilyneChenuet) February 25, 2023
- limite les risques d'inondations
- retient l'eau
- protège du vent/du soleil
- fait baisser la température
- accueille une faune précieuse
Voici pourquoi vous pouvez recevoir une amende si vous taillez vos haies en mars :#TouchePasÀMaHaiehttps://t.co/xbPV5zwykr pic.twitter.com/owbyS5zWPq
Your hedges are also home to many insects and small mammals such as the muskrat or hedgehog. Think of leaving small piles of branches at the foot of your hedges, they will like to come and nest there, advises the Office of Biodiversity.
Time to prune
The best time to prune your hedges is between September and February, for two reasons: firstly, not to disturb the rise of the sap and ensure a beautiful spring growth; secondly, not to disturb nesting birds and other small mammals living at the foot of your hedge.
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