From June 1 Greater Paris (la Métropole du Grand Paris) will limit entry to vehicles rated Crit’Air 4 and over.
The Crit’Air rating is a mark out of five indicating how much pollution a vehicle produces. Older and more polluting vehicles have a higher number.
Owners can apply online for a Crit’Air certificate with a rating for their vehicle, which comes in the form of a round sticker with a number from zero (green sticker relating to electric and hydrogen vehicles) to five. This sticker must be displayed on the vehicle’s windscreen.
From June 1 in Greater Paris, cars rated Crit’Air 4 or 5 will only be allowed to enter the zone in the evenings and at weekends.
Crit'Air vignettes (stickers) also become compulsory in Greater Nancy from June 1, as means of controlling traffic during prolonged pollution peaks.
More low emission zones to be added throughout France
By the end of 2021, 11 areas in France will be under the similar ZFE (zone à faible émission, meaning low emission zone) rules.
These zones will account for six million vehicles and 15.8% of all road traffic in France.
They include: Paris, Greater Paris, Aix-Marseille-Provence, Nice-Côte d’Azur, Toulon-Provence-Méditerranée, Toulouse, Montpellier-Méditerranée, Rouen Normandie, Strasbourg, Greater Lyon and Grenoble-Alpes.
By 2025, ZFEs will increase to include 35 areas in France and apply to all towns with over 150,000 inhabitants.
ZFEs are already in place in Greater Lyon (where heavy goods and light commercial vehicles rated Crit’Air 3 and over are not allowed to enter) and in Grenoble (where rules apply to heavy goods and light commercial vehicles rated Crit’Air 4 and over).
Incentives for drivers to replace vehicles
The new rules impact diesel cars in particular, as they cannot be given the lowest polluting Crit’Air 1 rating. From 2024, it is expected that Paris will limit access for all vehicles rated over Crit’Air 1 – meaning almost all diesel cars.
Currently the only exception is a Mercedes diesel hybrid rechargeable model.
The government has introduced incentives for owners of older cars – which are more likely to have a higher rating – to change their vehicles for newer models with lower ratings.
These include la prime à la conversion, offering financial aid of up to €7,000. From July 1 this will reduce to €6,000 and only be available if buying a car with a Crit’Air 1 rating.
Owners who want to keep their older cars with petrol engines could also consider changing the engine for one that runs on liquefied petroleum gas (GPL), some of which are eligible for Crit’Air 1 rating. This costs around €2,000.
Government considering exceptions for classic cars
There is also the possibility that the government will adapt the rules slightly to make allowances for some older cars.
In March the Senate passed a motion to allow cars over 30 years old to enter ZFEs. The motion has not yet been discussed by Parliament.
Classic car association la Fédération française des véhicules d'époque has also applied directly to authorities in Paris, Lyon and Grenoble to obtain authorisations for older vehicles to enter.