top cx logo
cx logo
Explorearrow down
search icon
Explore
arrow down

Explainer: the rules about composting from January 1 in France

We look at the new responsibilities for both individuals and local authorities

All households will have to separate their food and garden waste from other rubbish from by January 1 Pic: EBASCOL / Shutterstock

New rules about the disposal of food and vegetable waste come into effect from January 1. We look at the obligations that these new rules bring for both local authorities and individuals.

At present, households put an average of 83kg of bio waste in the bin each year. 

EU law says that by 2025 bio waste should not be disposed of in ordinary tips and incinerators.

To bring France in line with this law, all homes in France must have a way to keep their food waste separate from other rubbish, and local authorities must provide a means to dispose of it.

Households will be expected to have a separate bin for kitchen waste, such as peelings, coffee grounds, old bread and meal leftovers, as well as green garden waste.

This waste can then be put in a compost, although the rules do not make this mandatory for individual households.

However, the separation of food and garden waste from other household waste will be expected for all households and businesses from January 1 2024.

Local authorities will have to offer solutions, either by providing locations where people can put it, offering door-to-door collection, or with special bin lorries.

If the waste is collected, it will have to go to special treatment facilities where waste can be recycled into compost or bio gas.

Some local authorities might not accept meat and fish food waste in composts. 

What are the new rules about food and garden waste in France?

Pic: Ademe / The Connexion

Local authorities will have to inform residents on how to dispose of this waste by January 1.

No sanctions have yet been announced for households that fail to comply with the new rules.

Read more: 

Most homes in France not ready to separate food waste come January 1

Resident or second-home owner in France?
Benefit from our daily digest of headlines and how-to's to help you make the most of life in France
By joining the newsletter, you agree to our Terms & Conditions and Privacy Policy
See more popular articles
The Connexion Help Guides
featured helpguide
Healthcare in France*
Featured Help Guide
- Understand the French healthcare system, how you access it and how you are reimbursed - Useful if you are new to the French healthcare system or want a more in-depth understanding - Reader question and answer section Aimed at non-French nationals living here, the guide gives an overview of what you are (and are not) covered for. There is also information for second-home owners and regular visitors.
Get news, views and information from France