We are being urged to follow simple guidelines to avoid forest fires this summer – with risks especially high in 2020 as vegetation is dry.
Rules to follow
A campaign is promoting six key reminders, bearing in mind that nine out of 10 forest fires are started by humans and half are due simply to carelessness. The key points to remember are: do not start barbecues or fires near forests; never throw cigarette butts in forested areas; do not use machinery liable to create sparks; do not place combustible material against your home.
What to do if you spot a fire
If you spot a fire, tell the authorities on 112 (or 18 for the pompiers), and in the case of a forest fire nearby, stay at home. An information pack of key points in English is available at the bottom of the page at tinyurl.com/y7foprm8.
Those who live near to woods in areas at risk of fire should also be aware of the legal obligation to débroussailler – that is, clear away vegetation liable to contribute to the spread of fires.
What's different this year?
In 2019, there were 1,725 fires in the Mediterranean area, with 8,434 hectares destroyed (ie. 84km2). That was slightly less than average for the last five years but the Ecology Ministry says that this year’s conditions make the risks especially high.
This is because higher than average temperatures from June last year to this May, combined with lack of rain and wind in recent months, have dried out the ground and vegetation across the country. Southern departments remain the most vulnerable but, as global warming advances, even areas further north are now more exposed to this risk, such as Pays de la Loire, Centre-Val de Loire and Brittany.
Forestiers Sapeurs & débroussaillage
Some departments have a force called forestiers sapeurs, specialised in forest fires, who are known for yellow vehicles. They prune trees and maintain access paths in winter, and in summer help the pompiers. The force from the Hérault reports that it has already fought a number of fires this year. It fear a high risk as the hottest days approach.
If you are unsure if you live in a zone where a débroussaillage is obligatory, you should check with your mairie. It needs doing at least every two years, depending on how fast vegetation has grown, and applies to a zone 50m around the home and 10m around access roads.
It includes pruning low-hanging branches or those close to the home, removing dead trees, maintaining space between tree canopies, removing shrubs under trees if possible, as well as dry leaves, and moving inflammable decorative plants away from the house.
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